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Summer Heat Safety Tips

Summer Heat is No Joke!

There is hot, and then there is hot! Extreme heat is a period of high heat and humidity with temperatures above 90 degrees for at least two to three days. In extreme heat your body works extra hard to maintain a normal temperature, which can lead to death. Extreme heat is responsible for the highest number of annual deaths among all weather-related hazards.

Stay cool indoors

  • Use ventilation and shading strategies to help control indoor temperatures.
  • Use air conditioners or spend time in air-conditioned locations such as designated cooling zones, malls and libraries.
  • Use portable electric fans to draw hot air out of rooms or draw in cooler air. Do not point electric fans directly towards people when the room temperature is hotter than 90°F.
  • Stay hydrated – drink water or other nonalcoholic fluids regularly.
  • Check on older, sick, or frail people who may need help responding to the heat.
  • Know the symptoms of excessive heat exposure and the appropriate responses.

If the power goes out…

When air conditioners and fans are not available, use ventilation and shading. Cover windows that receive direct sunlight and open windows when outdoor temperatures cool down.

If you cannot stay cool at home, find a cooling center in your community.

If you need temporary power to provide cooling or refrigeration, be sure that portable generators are placed outside and at least 20 feet from any doors or windows. Exhaust from portable generators contains deadly carbon monoxide.

Heat-Related Illnesses

Know the signs of heat-related illnesses and ways to respond. If you are sick and need medical attention, contact your healthcare provider for advice and shelter in place if you can. If you are experiencing a medical emergency call 9-1-1.

Get more detailed information about heat-related illnesses from the CDC and National Weather Service.

Heat Stroke

  • Signs:
    • Extremely high body temperature (above 103 degrees F) taken orally 
    • Red, hot and dry skin with no sweat
    • Rapid, strong pulse
    • Dizziness, confusion or unconsciousness

If you suspect heat stroke, call 9-1-1 or get the person to a hospital immediately. Cool down with whatever methods are available until medical help arrives. Do not give the person anything to drink.Image

Heat Cramps

  • Signs: Muscle pains or spasms in the stomach, arms or legs

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